Family : Mimosaceae English Names : Australian Acacia, Wattle
Distribution : Throughout the plains of India in Parks and Gardens.
Description : Native to Australia. This lovely tree was introduced into India several decaded ago, now finding ecological
within the flora of this country. One can see it growing in many public
parks and private house gardens either in groups or as a single tree.
Faster in growth rate than many other common trees, it has a thick crown
of flattened leaf like structures which are glossy green and falcate in
shape. These are actually the phyllodes (the flattened portion of the
leaf stalls or part of the rachis) and perform all the functions of the
leaf. The tree flowers in winter in slender so yellow colored spikes
which emit a characteristic odour so common to the genus. The branches
droop down in a graceful manner all around the truck of the tree almost
two to three feet above ground level.
Family : Mimosaceae
Hindi Names : Katha, Khair
Distribution : Throughout dry, arid zones of Punjab,
Rajasthan, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh
Description : A Medium size tree. Bark greyish-brown,
fissured. Spines short and curved. Leaves twice-pinnate. Leafelts very
minute, dark green, glabrous. Flowers yellow, borne in axillary spikes.
Pods strap-shaped about 8 cm long, dark brown, breaked at the apex.
Family : Mimosaceae
Synomyn : Acacia arabica
English Names : Babul Tree
Hindi Names : Babul, Kikar
Distribution : Throughout dry, and arid zones of India.
Description : A Medium-sized tree. Bark rough, blackish,
with cracks, Spines in pairs, white, straight, about 6 cm in 8 cm long.
Leaves pinnate. Flowers flobose, bright yellow. Pods straight or curved,
turgid, compressed between seeds.
Family : Mimosaceae
English Names : Bead Tree, Red Wood, Coral Pea
Hindi Names : Kanchan Daana, Rakta Kambal
Distribution : Moist regions of India
Description : A medium-sized deciduous tree with an
elegant formation. Leaves twice pinnate alomost 45 to 60 cm in length with
small leaflets (about 1 to 2 cm long). Flowers are produced in slender
racemose clusters which are yellow in coloour andmidly fragant. Seeds are
attractive, shinning and scalret in colour with a uniform weight.
Family : Rutaceae
Hindi Names : Bel, Bliva
Distribution : Throughout the plains of India and Pakistan.
Description : A medium sized deciduous tree wit
trifoliate leaves. Branches spinous. Leaflets along about 6 to 8 cm long
crenulate.Flowers in clusters delicately fragant, whitish with
gland-dotted petals. Fruit variable in size about 10 to 15 cm in diameter:
outer cover hard and woody, smooth, brownish-orange when ripe containing a
sticky aromatic pulp. Seeds numerous.
Family : Mimosaceae
Distribution : In the drier areas of Indian peninsula.
Description : A small tree with young shoots covered with
light pale tomentum. Leaves bipinnate, pubescent. Leaflets numerous,
minute. Flowers fragant in globose heads. Corolla yellowish, with pinkish
filaments. Pods thin, strap-shaped and pointed at the ends.
Family : Mimosaceae
English Names : Indian Walnut
Hindi Names : Siris
Distribution : Throughout the plains of India.
Description : A large deciduous tree with a light brown
bark cracking up at various places. Leaves bipinnate, leaflets unequal
sided, somewhat pubescent on the under surface. Flowers creamish-yellow.
globose, built up of numerous long stamens about 4 cm in diameter. Pods 10
to 20 cm long, papery and straw colored.
Family : Anacardiaceae
English Names : Cashew Apple, Cashnew Nut
Hindi Names : Raju
Distribution : West Coastal regions of India and the Andamans
Description : A small evergreen tree. Leaves cortaceous,
entire, 10-15 cm long. Flowers bracteate, terminal in clusters. Petals
yellow with pink stripes. Nuts reniform attached to the top of a thick
fleshy pear-shaped stalk of orange or re colour.
Family : Anonaceae
English Names : Bullock's Heart, Bull's Heart
Hindi Names : Ramphal
Distribution : Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu & Assam
Description : A small bushy tree, not much different in
its external appearance than A. Squamosa. Thr fruit of the species is
however much larger, smoother on the outer surface with hexagoanl
markings. It has fewer assets but the pulp is of a poor quality.
Family : Annoaceae
English Names : Custard Apple
Hindi Names : Sharifa, Sitaphal
Distribution : All through the plains of
, specially Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu & Assam.
Description : A small tree. Leaves about 6 to 12 cm long
with pellucid glands, young ones somewhat downy, Flowers greenish,
together, droopin. Fruit globose, green, with a bumpy and tubercled outer
skin. Pulp soft, white, aromatic and sweet containing large black shining
English names: Areca Nut Palm, Betel Nut Palm
Hindi name: Supari
Distribution: Coastal peninsula, Bengal and Assam.
Description A handsome tree with a straight, single
columnar bole terminating in a tuft of large lush-green leaves at the top.
Leaves pinnate about, 140 em to 180 em long. Flowers uni-sexual, male
flowers on the upper part and female flowers on the lower part of the
spike. Inflorescence a much branched spadix. Fruit ovoid, orange, fleshy,
containing one hard seed.
English name: Areca Palm
Distribution: In cultivation in gardens,all over
Description This is essentially a decorative palm with
modest height and a cluster of upright orange-yellow stems. The foliage is
soft dark- green, glossy, and pinnately divided. The leaves curve back-
wards handsomely and present an overall appearance which is quite
Hindi name: Hari Champa
Distribution: Cultivated throughout India in parks and gardens. Rarely seen in wild forests.
Description A large shrub or a small tree, somewhat bushy
in habit. Leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate. acuminate and acute at the
base. Flowers large, green. beautifully scented and appearing during the
English names: Geranium Tree, Camel's Foot
Hindi names: Kachnar,Sona Distribution Throughout the
Description Deciduous in nature its large lavender-coloured
flowers are of striking beauty and fragrance. Almost 8 em across, they are
borne terminally at the end of the branches. The colour range borne from
deep pink to purple. The leaves are tomentose, more or less rounded, deep-elefted
into two parts and patterned like the foot of a camel, which earns it its
common English name., The fruit is a pod about 30 em long, flat and
Family : Caesalpinaceae
English Names : Kachnaar
Distribution : Throughout the plains of
Description : A
small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Flowers pink, large and fragant, the
petails obovate-lanceolate veined, rose-coloured and variegated with red
and creamish-white colour, the lowest one larger, longer, broader and
marked with dark crimson.
Synonym: Salmatia matabarica
English names: Red Silk Cotton, Semal Tree
Hindi name: Semal
Distribution: Throughout the plains of India.
Description A large tree with a wide spreading crown,
deciduous in winter. Trunk sharply buttressed at the base. Branches
spinous in whorls, growing horizontally. Leaves digitately lobed. Leaflets
5-7, about 12 em long. Flowers large, fleshy, deep red, some- times
yellowish. Pod ovoid, 12 em long, blackish and woody when ripe. Seeds
numerous, hard, embedded in silky cotton.
English name: Bottle Brush
Tree planted in gardens and private houses throughout
Description A handsome, small, evergreen tree with
graceful pendulous branches. Leaves linear-lanceolate, gland-dotted.
Flowers red in terminal drooping spikes, resembling a bottle-brush which
gives it its common English name.
English names: Fish Tail Palm, Sago Palm
Distribution:Orissa, Assam and peninsular India
Description A tall'graceful palm with a cylindrical bole.
Leaves Pinnate and unlike other palms, not clustered in a group
terminally, pinnate. Leaflets divided like the tail of a fish. Flowers
monoccious. Fruits round, small, hanging in large bunches like rosaries
from the tree.
English name: Indian Laburnum
Hindi name: Amaltas
Description A medium-sized tree with large pinnately
compound leaves. The pinnae are of about 10 em length, elliptic-ovate in
shape. The tree is deciduous and flowers gorgeously in summer. deep yellow
clusters of flowers 6 em wide, suspended like chandeliers lit for some
festive occasion. It is a very refreshing site to watch it in bloom
throughout the summer when there are not many seasonal flowers left in the
garden. The flowers are pleasantly fragrant. The fruit of the tree is
large, cylindrical, containing a sticky pulp in which are embedded
numerous brown polished seeds.
Distribution: Throughout India in
parks and gardens.
Description A medium-sized tree with
branches spreading horizon Leaves pinnate. Leaflets 10 to 14. oblong
elliptic, some acute at the tip. Flowers borne profusely in deep pink race
sweetly scented. fading to white at maturity. Stamens ye the three longer
ones curved, with the filaments balloone, at the centre. Plant is
therefore often called the "Pink and M shower', because of the
presence of few white petal fascinating sight when it flowers in May and
Distribution : Throughout
plains of tropical and sub-tropical India as an avenue tree.
Description : A Medium sized deciduous tree. Leaves
pinnate, pinnate oblong-elliptic. Young leaves with a slight brownish
tinge. Flowers yellow. The Tree is not browsed by cattle, although not
sufficiently attractive to look after.
Family : Causuarinaceae
English Names : Beefwood Tree
Distribution : Southern coastal areas and
Description : A large Evergreen tree. The thin woody
branches aof the tree and up in green many-sided branchlets, with a number
of minute scales at the nodes. These scales represent the leaves. The
pendulous branchlets are 6-8 angled. Flowers are monoecious. Male spikes
terminal, linear, 3cm long. Female spikes are seen at the base of the male
spikes, ovoid, small stalked. Fruit ovoid or roundish, having 10-12 roes
of dehiscent achenes.
Family : Bombaceae
English Names : Kapok Tree
Distribution : Southern
Description : A massive tree attaining enormous height
and a huge grith. Its trunk is covered all over with sharp woddy spines
that tend to shed with age. The branches, arranged in whoris, spread
horizontally, decreasing in length while ascending. The leaves are
palmately compound with about 5 to 9 leaflets. Flowers are axillary,
white, but without any special appeal. Numerous balls of silky cotton are
enclosed in its 5-valved capsular fruit, each containing one seed.
Family : Rutaceae
English Names : Ragzi Lime
Hindi Names : Ragzi Nimbu Distribution : Throughout the plains of
Description : A large shrubby plant with sharp thorns.
Leaves oblong elliptic or oblong-ovate, shining. Flowers white, fragant.
Fruits small, round, yellow when ripe with a smooth oily surface, a thin
rind and a highly acidic juice.
Family : Rulaceae
English Names : Pumello. Forbidden Fruit, Shaddok
Hindi Names : Chakotra
Description : A small bushy tree of about 2 to 3 metres
height. Leaves broad-elliptic, dark green with broad winged petioles.
Fruit large about 25 cm in diameter, globose, oval or pyriform wth a rough
and thick exocarp, yellow, sometimes crimson when ripe.
Family : Rutaceae
Synonym : Citrofortunella mitis
English Names : China Orange, Calamondin.
Distribution : Cultivated throughout India in large pots or small gardens.
Description : A small decorative tree or a large shrub
commonly cultivated in gardens for its attractive deep orange fruits about
the size of a ping pong ball or slightly smaller. The fruits last on the
plant for a long time and the tree looks very pretty laden wih the deep
orange fruit. It specially attracts the humming birds, the bulbuls and the
mayanas because of its fruit.
Family : Rotaceae
English Names : Grape Fruit
Distribution : Tree introduced into India from West
Indies. Available in very few nurseries in the plains
Description : A small shrubby tree. Leaves smaller than
those of pumello, broad elliptic. Petioles broadly wingled. Flowers large,
white, borne singly or in clusters. Fruits in clusters, round or pear
shaped. Flesh whote or pinkish. Jiuce pentiful, acidic. Sometimes sweet
Family : Rutaceae
English Names : Mandarin Orange
Hindi names : Sangtra, Santra
Distribution : Introduced from South China,
Cultivated throughout India for many decades.
Description : A small tree. Leaves broad-elliptic to
ovate. Flowers white, fragant, about 3 cm in dia. Fruit globose, yellow to
deep orange, the upper portin slighlty depressed at the centre and a naval
type protuberence at the base in most varieties. The fruit is
loose-skinned, sweet to sweet and sour when ripe, It is often erroneously
called "orange", which, in the true sense denotes the
tight-skinned "Malta: (Citrus sinensis) or sweet lime.
English name: Colville's Glory
Distribution: Throughout established gardens in India.
Description Native of Madagascar, this lovely tree was introduced into the world of
cultivated trees by a wandering botanist. Wenzel Bojer. who discovered it
in Madagascar. The tree Is named in honour of Sir Charles Colville,
the then Governor of Mauritius, over a century ago. In general appearance.
the tree looks very much like the common Gulmohar tree except the flowers
and the wood which is slightly reddish in colour (in Colvillea). The
lovely flowers are home in cylindrical clusters about 20 to 25 em long
built up of nutlike buds that are the sepals and look like orange-coloured
grapes. the biggest on top of the cluster. When they open, one can see the
reflexed petals with ten bright yellow excerted stamens.
English name: Geiger Tree
Distribution: As a garden cultiva, AI over the plains of
Description A medium-sized or small decorative tree with
a balance formation. Leaves large, about 10 to 15 em, cordate, Flowers
attractive, orange or vermilion. about 6 cm In tubular with a 6-lobed
corolla, branches at the flowers look quite imposing against the deep
green f( are a delight to @atch when in full bloom. The ti protection in
the early t.ges as it is very suseeptible to forest-bite.
Family: Lecythidaccae English name: Cannon Ball Tree
Hindi names: Naaglingam, Shivlingi Distribution Tree introduced. Native to
.Planted in few selected botanical gardens in
Bengal, Kamataka and Maharashtra.
Description There is a great sanctity about this tall and
beautiful tree which can be seen as a prize collection in very few
gardens. The peculiar flowers are borne in clusters on the main trunk of
the tree measuring em in size. They possess a strange hood-like structure
made up of the fused stamens in the centre of the fleshy flowers over the
pistil in the manner of a snake's hood over a "Shivalinga",
which explains its Sanskrit name "Naaglingam" or "Shiv-lingi".
The tree is deciduous and flourishes only in a moist, humid climate. The
leaves of the tree are large, about 10 to 12 em long, oblong-obovate acute
and entire. The flowers are fleshy, with concave petals, about 4 to 5 em
long, pinkish from outside and-somewhat purplish from within in very
attractive clusters. The flowers are very fragrant and are offered to Lord
Shiva by the di@yout. They appear in summer. The fruit of the tree is
round, hard and brownish with a somewhat disagreeable odour from the soft
pulp within. They are 15 to 20 em in diameter, almost the size of a human
skull which hang down on a long stalk from the main trunk of the tree. The
large fruit resembles a cannon ball which gives the common English name to
Family: Papilionaccae English names: Bombay Blackwood. Indian Rosewood
, Orissa and peninsular
A large deciduous tree, leaves
pinnate. Pinnae 5 t( green above, tornentose beneath. Flowers white, small
axillary clusters, fragrant. Pods lanceolate 1 to 3 sec flowers resemble
those of Pongamia pinnata. Propagation by sowing of its seeds.
Family: Dillenlaccae English name: Elephant Apple Hindi name: Chulta
Description This large tree. is distributed all through
the sub-Himalayan tracts. It has a heavy, rounded crown of thick foliage
and a very shapely formation. The large leathery leaves are about 20 to 30
em long with toothed margins, softly tomentose on the upper surface and on
the veins on the under-surface. The large white flowers are about 15 em in
diameter, solitary and very fragrant. The conspicuous looking fruit is
about the size of an apple, quite hard and enveloped in the fleshy calyx.
The seeds are numerous, embedded in a thick mucilaginous pulp. The wood is
hard, heavy and can withstand water-logging to a fair extent.
Family: Papilionaceae English name: Coral Tree HindI names: Madar, Tota Distribution: Throughout the plains of
and the sub-Himalayan.
Description A deciduous medium-sized tree with its
branche,, armed with sharp unkindly thorns. The leaves are ti the leaflets
rhomboidly-ovate in shape, somewhat pi the under-surface. The flowers are
typically par orange to deep red and appear on the tree throug The fruit
is a pod containing hard, blackish, 4 torulose in shape, tapering at the
Family: Myrtaccae Distribution: All over India
along roadsides, parks, etc.
Description All the eucalyptus trees are native to
Augtralia. A tall graceful tree with a greyish-white bark, peeling off in
large papery flakes. Leaves linear-lanceolate, faleate. Flowers in short
umbels or solitary, with a number of excert stamens, white in colour,
Family: Myrtaccae English name: Blue Gum Distribution: All over India.
A large tree with a smooth trunk, and an easily detachable bark. Leaves
oblong-ovate, slightly faleate, unequal at the-base. Flowers white, with
numerous excerted stamens. Tree grows best in marshy areas.
Family: Myrtaceac English name: Swamp Mahogany Distribution: Throughout the plains of India.
Description A handsome, hardy tree. Bark rough, dark
brown. Leaves ovate- lanceolate, shining dark green above, light
greyish-grey under- neath. Flowers white. A profuse bloomer. Fruit
goblet-shaped. Flowers March-April. Propagation By sowing of its seeds.
Family: Moraccae English name: Banyan Tree Hindi names: Bar, Barghad, Kalpavriksha Distribution: Throughout India
mighty tree with a large spreading crown, numerous aci roots, ultimately
performing the function of trunks for support its heavy branches. Leaves
large. alternate, leathery, ovate. Fsessile, in pairs, about 2 em in
diameter, glgbose, reddish maturity.
name: Weeping Fig Distribution
in gardens throughout
Description Commonly referred to as the "Weeping
Fig". One of the best Ficus for indoor planting. Leaves glossy and
clustered on pendulous branches. F. benjamiria var. comosa has more
pendulous branches and is excellent for making bonsais. Figs are
attractive, deep yellow to orange in colour.
Moraccae Distribution: Throughout India
in parks and gardens.
Description A small evergreen tree with broad-elliptic
leaves, quite thick and coriaccous. Many garden cultivars of the species
like F. elasti,ca var decora have ornamented coloured leaves of reddish to
dark brown and are cultivated in pots for indoor decoration. Flowers Not
observed by me.
Family: Moraccae Hindi names: Gular, Umar Distribution: Throughout India.
Description A large tree without aerial roots. Bark
scaly, o Leaves ovate-oblong. Figs in clusters, sub-globo,, red at
maturity. Flowers Figs appear in March-April. Propagation From seed and
Description A huge deciduous tree. Leaves alternate, coriaccous, ovate,
pendulous and very shining. Figs sessile, in axillary pairs, depressed-globose,
black or purple at maturity.
Family: Proteaccae English name: Silver Oak Distribution: Tree introduced. Native to
. Grown in parks and gardens throughout
Description A tall tree with a straight columnar g rowth.
Tree partially deciduous. Young shoots rusty tomentose. Leaves decompound,
leaflets entire, lanceolate, green above, white silky beneath, each leaf
appearing fern-like. Flowers golden orange, in dwarf racemes. Fruit an
Tree of African origin. Grown throughout the plains on road avenues
A large spreading tree. Native to Africa.
it is n established in all parts of India.
It is deciduous and itnparipinnate leaves. The pinnae are of 10 x 5 em si2
or obovate in shape. They are quite scabrid to the tc flowers of
brownish-red colour are suspended from the of the tree on long rope-like
stalks in big clusters. They are large and heavy up to 45 em in length and
diameter and hang perilously from the branches (sausages which earns it
its common English na 'Sausage tree". The fruit and flowers can be
seen or from March to June.
Family: Sapotaccae Synonym: 13assia lattfolia English1 name: Mowra Butter Tree Hindi names: Mahua, Mowra
Throughout the plains of
Description A medium-sized deciduous tree with a good
rounded formation. The young twigs and leaves indumentose. Leaves
clustered at the ends of the branches, elliptic about 8 em long. leathery.
Flowers small. in dense clusters at the ends of the branches. Buds ovoid,
tomentose, corolla fleshy and cream-coloured 1.5 em long, scented. Berries
ovoid about 4 to 5 em long. yellow or orange when mature. Each berry
encloses about 1 to 4 shinning seeds.
Family: Anacardiaccae English name: Mango Hindi name: Aam Distribution: Throughout the plains of India.]
Mango, popularly known as the "King of Fruits", is the most
ancient and popular fruits of India
since times immemorial. There are thousands of cultivated and wild
varieties grown in India.
The tree is medium-sized'to large, with a thick corky bark. Leaves are
about 1 0 to 1 5 em, oblong-ovate with crenulate margins in some
varieties. Flowers are in large panicles, the male flowers usually at the
apex of the panicle and the herrna- phrodite lower down. Drupe has many
variable forms of colour and aroma.
Family: Magnoliaceae Hindi Names: Champa, Pili Champa Distribution: Throughout the gardens on the plains of
Description A very shapely tree of medium to low height
wit a fine conical formation. The leaves are large, ovate-lanceolate,
entire about 12 to 15 cm long. The flowers, borne in summer are solitary,
large about 5 to 6 cm in diameter, creamish-yellow and beautifully
scented. Fruits appear in spikes about 6 to 10 cm long. The seeds are
brown with a pinkish fleshy aril.
Family: Caesalpiniaccae English name: Yellow Flame Tree Distribution In parks and gardens throughout India.
Description: A small tree of a uniform shape. The leaves
are pinnati divided, the young leaves somewhat rusty tomentose. T flowers
appear in upright golden yellow clusters and each flom is about 3 em in
size. The petals are crinkled and lustrous. T fruit is a dark brown pod
about 6 cm long.
Family: Mimosaccae Synonym: Sarnanca saman English name: Rain Tree Distribution: West Bengal, Assam and Karnataka.
Introduced into India
where it now finds ecological adaptation amongst the flora of West Bengal,
Assam and Karnataka. This partially deciduous tree is natural to Central
and the West
It reaches enormous heights in West
where large specimens can be seen along roadsides in many villages. The
tree bears pinnate leaves, the leaflets are rhomboidal in shape, softly
pubescent below and are larger towards the apex, gradually becoming
smaller lower down. The attractive pink flowers appear in summer like
powder puffs about 4 to 5 em across. They however make such a brief
appearance on the tree that they can be called lovely only for a day. The
fruit is a pod and stays on the branches pretty long. The seeds are
embedded in a somewhat sticky pulp within the fruit. The puffy flowers
composed mostly of the excerted stamens attracts bees and insects. They
secrete honey-dew which drips from the the trees like tiny rain-drops
which gives the tree its common English name. The insects also feed on its
Family: Musaccae English name: Travellers' Palm Distribution: In southern parts of India.
Description A gorgeous looking, large, palm-like plant,
which belongs appropriately to the banana family and not the palms. Its
large leaves gathered in two ranks form a fan-shaped cluster at the top of
the plant giving it the general appearance of a large, dancing peacock.
The relatively large leaf-stalks contain a clear watery sap that provides
a refreshing drink, once used by travellers in tropical
, the land to which it belongs. It is now naturalized in
and it is common to see it growing in many parts of
, specially Kerala and its neighbouring-states. The decorative leaves are
almost 20 feet long. The flowers are white, enclosed in boat-shaped
sheaths about 8 inches wide. It is scientifically called "Ravencla
Madagaseariensis" but, beyond doubt, it looks a lot more charming
than its jaw-breaking Latin name.
Family: Santalaccae English name: Sandal Wood Tree Hindi name: Chandan Distribution: Peninsular India, specially Mysore
A small-sized evergreen tree, partially parasitic in its earlier stage of
growth. Leaves ovate or elliptic-lanceolate about 3 em in length. Flowers
small. brownish, in panicles. Drupe globose. about 0.5 em in diameter,
purplish to black when ripe. Seeds hard and rough.
Cultivated in gardens throughout the plains of India.
Description A medium-sized evergreen tree with a nice
rounded formation. Leaflets oblong or oblong-lanceolate. Flowers orange,
fragrant, in large corymbose clusters. Petals absent. The flowers are
usually concealed within the flesh-pink young leaves. Calyx petaloid,
Distribution In parks throughout the plains of India.
Tree nativg to Africa.
Description Native to tropical Africa
and now well established and grown throughout the plains of India,
this beautifully'fiowering tree is a delight to watch when in bloom. The
large deep-scarlet trumpet-shaped flowers are gamopetalous and zygomorphic.
The leaves are imparipinnate, the leaflets glabrous, smooth- edged, about
8-10 em long and elliptic. It flowers beautifully from April to July. The
tree is deciduous.
Family: Meliaccae English name: Mahogany Tree Distribution: In cultivation throughout India.
Description It is one of the premier wood trees of the
world. Now naturalized in
, it derives its origin from tropical
. It is named in memory of Sweiden, a Dutch botanist. A medium-sized tree,
it has paripinnate leaves; each pinnae measuring about 5 to 6 em
lengthwise, smooth-edged and unequal at the base. The trunk is dark
greyish in colour, often with warty excrescences in old specimens. The
mildly scented flowers lack appeal for they are small in size,
greenish-white in colour and scarcely worth noticing.
Family: Myrtaccae Synonym: Eugeniajambolana English name: BlackPlum Hindi names: Jamun, Jambul Distribution throughout India
A large evergreen tree. Bark light grey. Leaves dark green, shining,
opposite, elliptic. Flowers greenish-white. Fruit oblong or roundish
berries. black to deep purple, one-seeded,. acidic and pleasant to taste.
Family: Bignoniaccae English name: Rosy Trumpet Tree
In only a few well-known gardens. Tree exotic to India.
Description A small deciduous tree, with a smooth
somewhat ash-brown bark. Leaves palmatisect, 5-lobed. Leaflets about 5 to
6 em long ovate-oblong, entire. Flowers purplish to pink, funnel-shaped in
profuse terminal clusters. The tree is entirely leafiess when in flower
and is beyond doubt one of the most attractive flowering trees of the
Family: Caesalpiniaccae English name: Tamarind Tree Hindi name: Irnli Distribution: Throughout the plains of India
A large, semi-deciduous tree. Bark cracking vertically. Leaves unevenly
pinnate. Leaflets small, oblong. sour to taste. Flowers in lax racemes,
petals yellow with red marks. Pods thick, inflated, pulpy, irregularly
curved. Seeds large, stony, about 1.5 cm in length.
Family: Verbenaccae English name: Teak Tree Hindi name: Sagwan Distribution: Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Description A large deciduous tree. Branchlets angular.
Leaves large, about 30 em x 12 em, elliptic, rough. tomentose below.
Flowers white in large eymose clusters. Fruit sub-globose, about lem in
dia, enclosed inside the bladder-like calyx.
Throughout the plains of
, specially in Dehradun and
Description A large deciduous tree with a smooth,
whitish, bark. Trunk buttressed at the base. Leaves oblong-elliptic,
coriaccous, about 10 em long. Flowers in spaces, light yellowish in.colour,
in clusters. Petals absent. Fi@t woody, oblong, with 5 striated wings.
Family: Combretaccae English name: Beleric Myrobalan
name: Bahera Distribution: Throughout the plains of India,
planted as a roadside avenue tree. Also in Dun and Saharanpur
Description A large-sized deciduous tree. Bark with
vertical cracks. Leaves broad-elliptic 10 to 23 em long, downy at early
stages. Flowers in spikes, greenish-yellow with an unpleasant smell.
Petals absent. Fruit ovoid, about 3 em long, with a pubescent cover
containing a stony seed.
Family: Combretaccae Hindi names: Jungli Badaam, Hindi Badaam Distribution: The Andamans and peninsular India
Medium-sized deciduous tree with horizontally spreading branches forming a
wide spreading canopy. Leaves gathered at the ends of the branches.
obovate, large, about 20 to 25 em in size with a pubescent leafstalk and
niidrib. Flowers white In solitary spikes, the upper flowers on the spikes
being male and bisexual on the lower portion of the spike. The petals,
like in most other Terminalias, are absent. The fruit is an ellipsoidal
drupe about 4 em long., the greenish outer covering is some- what velvety
containing a single fleshy stone which is edible and tastes like
Family: Combretaccae English name: Chebulic Myrobalan Hindi names: Harra, Hirda
Plains of India,
somewhat sparsely. Description A medium-sized deciduous tree. Bark with
vertical cracks. Leaves thick and leathery about 12 to 15 cm long,
elliptic or ovate. Young leaves downy. Flowers bisexual, whitish or
greenish- yellow in clustered spikes, disagreeable in smell. Fruit a
drupe, ellipsoidal, about 5 ern long, five-ribbed. Stone hard.
Family: Malvaccae English name: Portia Tree Hindi names: Parash, Parash Pipal Distribution: Coastal regions of India
and as a common garden tree
A small evergreen tree with a
rough bark. Leaves cordate, often with glands at the top end of the
leaf-stalk about 15 to 18 em long. Flowers- solitary or in pairs, yellow
in colour with a -p,.U, rplish centre. Fruit capsular, globose, depressed,
about 5 em in size. Calyx adheres to the fruit at maturity.
Family: Apoeynaccae Distribution: Rajasthan and peninsular India.
A small deciduous tree with a greyish-white bark. Leaves elliptic- oblong
to obovate, coriaccous, about 10 em long. Flowers white, scented in lax
dichotomous eymes. Follicles pendulous, jointed at base.
Family: Rhamnaccae Synonym: Zizyphus mauritiana English name: The Chinese Date Hindi name: Ber Distribution: Found gregariously at the foot of the
Shivaliks and in
forests. Several varieties are in cultivation in various nurseries and
Description A small evergreen tree with dense foliage.
Bark dull-grey. Leaves variable, sub-orbicular, elliptic or ovate about 4
em to 5 ern in size, dark green above and @ vhitish grey beneath,
tomentose on the under-surface. Prickles solitary or paired. Fruit an
oblong-globose or roundish drupe of green, yellow or red colour according
to the variety.