TREES OF INDIA

 

SN Name of Tree Name of Family
1.

AUSTRALIA ACACIA

Mimosaceae

2. ACACIA CATECHU Mimosaceae
3. ACACIA NILOTICA Mimosaceae
4. ADENANTHERA PAVONINA Mimosaceae
5. AEGLE MARMELOS Rutaceae
6. ALBIZZIA AMARA Mimosaceae
7. LBIZZIA LEBBEL Mimosaceae
8. ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTAL Anacardiaceae
9. ANONA RETICULTA Anonaceae
10. ANONA SQUAMOSA Annoaceae
11. ARECA CATECHU Paimac
12. ARECA LUTESCENS Palmac
13. ARTABOTRYS ODORATISSIMUS Annonaccae
14. BAUHINIA PURPUREA Caesalpiniaccae
15. BAUHINA TOMENTOSA -
16. BAUHINA VARIEGATA Caesalpinaceae
17. BOMBAX MALABARICUM Bombacaccae
18. CALLISTEMON LANCEOLATUS Myrtaccae
19. CARYOTA URENS Palmac
20. CASSIA FISTULA Caesalpiniaccae
21. CASSIA JAVANICA Caesalpiniaccae 
22. CASSIA NODOSA -
23. CASSIA SIAMEA Caesalpiniaceae
24. CASUARINA EQUISETIFOLIA Causuarinaceae
25. CIEBA PENTANDRA Bombaceae
26. CITRUS AURANTIFOILA Rutaceae
27. CITRUS MAXIMA Rulaceae
28. CITRUS MITIS Rutaceae
29. CITRUS PARADISHI Rotaceae
30. CITRUS RETICULATA Rutaceae
31. COCOS NUCIFERA Caesalpiniaccae
32. CORDIA SEBESTENA Boraginaccae
33. COUROUPITA GUIANENSIS Lecythidaccae
34. DALBERGIA LATIFOLIA Papilionaccae
35. DALBERGIA SISSOO Papilionaccae
36. DELONIX REGIA Dillenlaccae
37. EMBLICA OFFICINALIS Euphorbiaccae
38. ERYTHRINA INDICA Papilionaceae
39. EUCALYPTUS CAMALDULENSIS Myrtaccae
40. EUCALYPTUS@ CITRIODORA Myrtaccae
41. EUCALYPTUS GLOSULUS Myrtaccae
42. EUCALYPTUS ROBUSTA Myrtaceac
43. FICUS BENG(H)ALENSIS Moraccae
44. FICUS BENJAMINA Morace
45. FICUS ELASTICA Moraccae
46. FICUS GLOMERATA Moraccae
47. FICUS RELIGIOSA Moraccae
48. GREVILLEA ROBUSTA Proteaccae
49. KIGELIA PINNATA Bignonlaccae
50. MADHUCA INDICA Sapotaccae
51. MANGIFERA INDICA Anacardiaccae
52. MELIA AZADIRACHTA Mellaccae
53. MICHELIA CHAMPACA Magnoliaceae
54. PELTOPHORUM FERRUGINEUM Caesalpiniaccae
55. PITHECOLOBIUM SAMAN Mimosaccae
56. PROSOPIS JULIFLORA Mimosaccae
57. RAVENELA MA[YAGASCARIENSIS Musaccae
58. SANTALUM ALBUM Santalaccae
59. SARACA INDICA Caesalpiniaccae
60. SPATHODEA CAMPANULATA Bignoniaccae
61. SWIETENIA MAHAGONI Meliaccae
62. SYZYGIUM CUMINI Myrtaccae
63. TABEBUIA ROSEA Bignoniaccae
64. TAMARINDUS INDICA Caesalpiniaccae
65. TECTONA GRANDIS Verbenaccae
66. TERMINALIA ARJUNA Combretaccae
67. TERMINALIA BELLERICA Combretaccae
68. TERMINALIA CATAPPA Combretaccae
69. TERMINALIA CHEBULA Combretaccae
70. THESPESIA POPULNEA Malvaccae
71. WRIGHTIA TINCTORIA Apoeynaccae
72. ZIZYPHUS JUJUBA Rhamnaccae

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Family : Mimosaceae
English Names : Australian Acacia, Wattle
Distribution : Throughout the plains of
India in Parks and Gardens.

Description : Native to
Australia . This lovely tree was introduced into India several decaded ago, now finding ecological acceptance within the flora of this country. One can see it growing in many public parks and private house gardens either in groups or as a single tree. Faster in growth rate than many other common trees, it has a thick crown of flattened leaf like structures which are glossy green and falcate in shape. These are actually the phyllodes (the flattened portion of the leaf stalls or part of the rachis) and perform all the functions of the leaf. The tree flowers in winter in slender so yellow colored spikes which emit a characteristic odour so common to the genus. The branches droop down in a graceful manner all around the truck of the tree almost two to three feet above ground level.


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2. ACACIA CATECHU

Family : Mimosaceae
Hindi Names : Katha, Khair
Distribution : Throughout dry, arid zones of Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh

Description : A Medium size tree. Bark greyish-brown, fissured. Spines short and curved. Leaves twice-pinnate. Leafelts very minute, dark green, glabrous. Flowers yellow, borne in axillary spikes. Pods strap-shaped about 8 cm long, dark brown, breaked at the apex.

 

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3. ACACIA NILOTICA

Family : Mimosaceae
Synomyn : Acacia arabica
English Names : Babul Tree
Hindi Names : Babul, Kikar
Distribution : Throughout dry, and arid zones of
India .

Description : A Medium-sized tree. Bark rough, blackish, with cracks, Spines in pairs, white, straight, about 6 cm in 8 cm long. Leaves pinnate. Flowers flobose, bright yellow. Pods straight or curved, turgid, compressed between seeds.

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4. ADENANTHERA PAVONINA

Family : Mimosaceae
English Names : Bead Tree, Red Wood, Coral Pea
Hindi Names : Kanchan Daana, Rakta Kambal
Distribution : Moist regions of
India

Description : A medium-sized deciduous tree with an elegant formation. Leaves twice pinnate alomost 45 to 60 cm in length with small leaflets (about 1 to 2 cm long). Flowers are produced in slender racemose clusters which are yellow in coloour andmidly fragant. Seeds are attractive, shinning and scalret in colour with a uniform weight.

 

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5. AEGLE MARMELOS

Family : Rutaceae
Hindi Names : Bel, Bliva
Distribution : Throughout the plains of
India and Pakistan .

Description : A medium sized deciduous tree wit trifoliate leaves. Branches spinous. Leaflets along about 6 to 8 cm long crenulate.Flowers in clusters delicately fragant, whitish with gland-dotted petals. Fruit variable in size about 10 to 15 cm in diameter: outer cover hard and woody, smooth, brownish-orange when ripe containing a sticky aromatic pulp. Seeds numerous.

 

 

 

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6. ALBIZZIA AMARA

Family : Mimosaceae
Distribution : In the drier areas of Indian peninsula.


Description : A small tree with young shoots covered with light pale tomentum. Leaves bipinnate, pubescent. Leaflets numerous, minute. Flowers fragant in globose heads. Corolla yellowish, with pinkish filaments. Pods thin, strap-shaped and pointed at the ends.

 

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7. ALBIZZIA LEBBEL

Family : Mimosaceae
English Names : Indian Walnut
Hindi Names : Siris
Distribution : Throughout the plains of
India .

Description : A large deciduous tree with a light brown bark cracking up at various places. Leaves bipinnate, leaflets unequal sided, somewhat pubescent on the under surface. Flowers creamish-yellow. globose, built up of numerous long stamens about 4 cm in diameter. Pods 10 to 20 cm long, papery and straw colored.

 

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8. ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTAL

Family : Anacardiaceae
English Names : Cashew Apple, Cashnew Nut
Hindi Names : Raju
Distribution : West Coastal regions of
India and the Andamans

Description : A small evergreen tree. Leaves cortaceous, entire, 10-15 cm long. Flowers bracteate, terminal in clusters. Petals yellow with pink stripes. Nuts reniform attached to the top of a thick fleshy pear-shaped stalk of orange or re colour.

 

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9. ANONA RETICULTA

Family : Anonaceae
English Names : Bullock's Heart, Bull's Heart
Hindi Names : Ramphal
Distribution : Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu & Assam

Description : A small bushy tree, not much different in its external appearance than A. Squamosa. Thr fruit of the species is however much larger, smoother on the outer surface with hexagoanl markings. It has fewer assets but the pulp is of a poor quality.

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10. ANONA SQUAMOSA

Family : Annoaceae
English Names : Custard Apple
Hindi Names : Sharifa, Sitaphal
Distribution : All through the plains of India , specially Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu & Assam.

Description : A small tree. Leaves about 6 to 12 cm long with pellucid glands, young ones somewhat downy, Flowers greenish, solitary or 2 to 4 together, droopin. Fruit globose, green, with a bumpy and tubercled outer skin. Pulp soft, white, aromatic and sweet containing large black shining seeds.

 

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11. ARECA CATECHU

Family:  Paimac
English names:  Areca Nut Palm, Betel Nut Palm
Hindi name:  Supari
Distribution:  Coastal peninsula, Bengal and Assam.

Description A handsome tree with a straight, single columnar bole terminating in a tuft of large lush-green leaves at the top. Leaves pinnate about, 140 em to 180 em long. Flowers uni-sexual, male flowers on the upper part and female flowers on the lower part of the spike. Inflorescence a much branched spadix. Fruit ovoid, orange, fleshy, containing one hard seed.

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12. ARECA LUTESCENS

Family:  Palmac
English name: Areca Palm
Distribution: In cultivation in gardens,all over India .

Description This is essentially a decorative palm with modest height and a cluster of upright orange-yellow stems. The foliage is soft dark- green, glossy, and pinnately divided. The leaves curve back- wards handsomely and present an overall appearance which is quite captivating.

 

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13. ARTABOTRYS ODORATISSIMUS

Family: Annonaccae
Hindi name: Hari Champa    
Distribution: Cultivated throughout
India in parks and gardens. Rarely seen in wild forests.

Description A large shrub or a small tree, somewhat bushy in habit. Leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate. acuminate and acute at the base. Flowers large, green. beautifully scented and appearing during the rainy season.

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14. BAUHINIA PURPUREA

Family: Caesalpiniaccae
English names: Geranium Tree, Camel's Foot
Hindi names: Kachnar,Sona Distribution Throughout the Indo-Gangetic plains.

Description Deciduous in nature its large lavender-coloured flowers are of striking beauty and fragrance. Almost 8 em across, they are borne terminally at the end of the branches. The colour range borne from deep pink to purple. The leaves are tomentose, more or less rounded, deep-elefted into two parts and patterned like the foot of a camel, which earns it its common English name., The fruit is a pod about 30 em long, flat and dehiseent.

 

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15. BAUHINA TOMENTOSA
A large shrubby plant. Leaves similar to all other Bauhinias but smaller in size. Flowers creamish yellow.

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16. BAUHINA VARIEGATA

Family : Caesalpinaceae
English Names : Kachnaar
Distribution : Throughout the plains of India .

Description : A small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Flowers pink, large and fragant, the petails obovate-lanceolate veined, rose-coloured and variegated with red and creamish-white colour, the lowest one larger, longer, broader and marked with dark crimson.

 

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17. BOMBAX MALABARICUM

Family: Bombacaccae
Synonym:  Salmatia matabarica
English names: Red Silk Cotton, Semal Tree
Hindi name: Semal
Distribution: Throughout the plains of India.

Description A large tree with a wide spreading crown, deciduous in winter. Trunk sharply buttressed at the base. Branches spinous in whorls, growing horizontally. Leaves digitately lobed. Leaflets 5-7, about 12 em long. Flowers large, fleshy, deep red, some- times yellowish. Pod ovoid, 12 em long, blackish and woody when ripe. Seeds numerous, hard, embedded in silky cotton.

 

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18. CALLISTEMON LANCEOLATUS

Family: Myrtaccae
English name: Bottle Brush
Distribution: Tree planted in gardens and private houses throughout India .

Description A handsome, small, evergreen tree with graceful pendulous branches. Leaves linear-lanceolate, gland-dotted. Flowers red in terminal drooping spikes, resembling a bottle-brush which gives it its common English name.

 

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19. CARYOTA URENS

Family: Palmac
English names: Fish Tail Palm, Sago Palm
Distribution:
Orissa , Assam and peninsular India

Description A tall'graceful palm with a cylindrical bole. Leaves Pinnate and unlike other palms, not clustered in a group terminally, pinnate. Leaflets divided like the tail of a fish. Flowers monoccious. Fruits round, small, hanging in large bunches like rosaries from the tree.

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20. CASSIA FISTULA

Family: Caesalpiniaccae
English name: Indian Laburnum
Hindi name: Amaltas
Distribution: Throughout India

Description A medium-sized tree with large pinnately compound leaves. The pinnae are of about 10 em length, elliptic-ovate in shape. The tree is deciduous and flowers gorgeously in summer. deep yellow clusters of flowers 6 em wide, suspended like chandeliers lit for some festive occasion. It is a very refreshing site to watch it in bloom throughout the summer when there are not many seasonal flowers left in the garden. The flowers are pleasantly fragrant. The fruit of the tree is large, cylindrical, containing a sticky pulp in which are embedded numerous brown polished seeds.

 

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21. CASSIA JAVANICA

Family: Caesalpiniaccae  

English name: Apple-blossom Cassia  ;

Distribution: Throughout India in parks and gardens.

 

Description A medium-sized tree with branches spreading horizon Leaves pinnate. Leaflets 10 to 14. oblong elliptic, some acute at the tip. Flowers borne profusely in deep pink race sweetly scented. fading to white at maturity. Stamens ye the three longer ones curved, with the filaments balloone, at the centre. Plant is therefore often called the "Pink and M shower', because of the presence of few white petal fascinating sight when it flowers in May and June.

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22. CASSIA NODOSA
The tree is very similar in Its general appearance and flowering pattern to C. javanica and often difficult to differentiate. Many taxonomists believe they synonymous.

 

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23. CASSIA SIAMEA

Family : Caesalpiniaceae

Distribution : Throughout plains of tropical and sub-tropical India as an avenue tree.

Description : A Medium sized deciduous tree. Leaves pinnate, pinnate oblong-elliptic. Young leaves with a slight brownish tinge. Flowers yellow. The Tree is not browsed by cattle, although not sufficiently attractive to look after.

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24. CASUARINA EQUISETIFOLIA

Family : Causuarinaceae
English Names : Beefwood Tree
Distribution : Southern coastal areas and Chittagong

Description : A large Evergreen tree. The thin woody branches aof the tree and up in green many-sided branchlets, with a number of minute scales at the nodes. These scales represent the leaves. The pendulous branchlets are 6-8 angled. Flowers are monoecious. Male spikes terminal, linear, 3cm long. Female spikes are seen at the base of the male spikes, ovoid, small stalked. Fruit ovoid or roundish, having 10-12 roes of dehiscent achenes.

 

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25. CIEBA PENTANDRA

Family : Bombaceae
English Names : Kapok Tree
Distribution :
Southern India , Andamans

Description : A massive tree attaining enormous height and a huge grith. Its trunk is covered all over with sharp woddy spines that tend to shed with age. The branches, arranged in whoris, spread horizontally, decreasing in length while ascending. The leaves are palmately compound with about 5 to 9 leaflets. Flowers are axillary, white, but without any special appeal. Numerous balls of silky cotton are enclosed in its 5-valved capsular fruit, each containing one seed.

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26. CITRUS AURANTIFOILA

Family : Rutaceae
English Names : Ragzi Lime
Hindi Names : Ragzi Nimbu
Distribution : Throughout the plains of India

Description : A large shrubby plant with sharp thorns. Leaves oblong elliptic or oblong-ovate, shining. Flowers white, fragant. Fruits small, round, yellow when ripe with a smooth oily surface, a thin rind and a highly acidic juice.

 

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27. CITRUS MAXIMA

Family : Rulaceae
English Names : Pumello. Forbidden Fruit, Shaddok
Hindi Names : Chakotra

Description : A small bushy tree of about 2 to 3 metres height. Leaves broad-elliptic, dark green with broad winged petioles. Fruit large about 25 cm in diameter, globose, oval or pyriform wth a rough and thick exocarp, yellow, sometimes crimson when ripe.

 

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28. CITRUS MITIS

Family : Rutaceae
Synonym : Citrofortunella mitis
English Names : China Orange, Calamondin.
Distribution : Cultivated throughout
India in large pots or small gardens.

Description : A small decorative tree or a large shrub commonly cultivated in gardens for its attractive deep orange fruits about the size of a ping pong ball or slightly smaller. The fruits last on the plant for a long time and the tree looks very pretty laden wih the deep orange fruit. It specially attracts the humming birds, the bulbuls and the mayanas because of its fruit.

 

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29. CITRUS PARADISHI

Family : Rotaceae
English Names : Grape Fruit
Distribution : Tree introduced into
India from West Indies . Available in very few nurseries in the plains of India .

Description : A small shrubby tree. Leaves smaller than those of pumello, broad elliptic. Petioles broadly wingled. Flowers large, white, borne singly or in clusters. Fruits in clusters, round or pear shaped. Flesh whote or pinkish. Jiuce pentiful, acidic. Sometimes sweet and odour.

 

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30. CITRUS RETICULATA

Family : Rutaceae
English Names : Mandarin Orange
Hindi names : Sangtra, Santra
Distribution : Introduced from
South China , Cultivated throughout India for many decades.

Description : A small tree. Leaves broad-elliptic to ovate. Flowers white, fragant, about 3 cm in dia. Fruit globose, yellow to deep orange, the upper portin slighlty depressed at the centre and a naval type protuberence at the base in most varieties. The fruit is loose-skinned, sweet to sweet and sour when ripe, It is often erroneously called "orange", which, in the true sense denotes the tight-skinned "Malta: (Citrus sinensis) or sweet lime.

 

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31. COCOS NUCIFERA

Family: Caesalpiniaccae
English name: Colville's Glory
Distribution: Throughout established gardens in
India .


Description Native of
Madagascar , this lovely tree was introduced into the world of cultivated trees by a wandering botanist. Wenzel Bojer. who discovered it in Madagascar . The tree Is named in honour of Sir Charles Colville, the then Governor of Mauritius, over a century ago. In general appearance. the tree looks very much like the common Gulmohar tree except the flowers and the wood which is slightly reddish in colour (in Colvillea). The lovely flowers are home in cylindrical clusters about 20 to 25 em long built up of nutlike buds that are the sepals and look like orange-coloured grapes. the biggest on top of the cluster. When they open, one can see the reflexed petals with ten bright yellow excerted stamens.

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84. CORDIA SEBESTENA

Family: Boraginaccae
English name: Geiger Tree
Distribution: As a garden cultiva, AI over the plains of India .

Description A medium-sized or small decorative tree with a balance formation. Leaves large, about 10 to 15 em, cordate, Flowers attractive, orange or vermilion. about 6 cm In tubular with a 6-lobed corolla, branches at the flowers look quite imposing against the deep green f( are a delight to @atch when in full bloom. The ti protection in the early t.ges as it is very suseeptible to forest-bite.

 

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33. COUROUPITA GUIANENSIS

Family: Lecythidaccae
English name: Cannon Ball Tree Hindi names: Naaglingam, Shivlingi
Distribution Tree introduced. Native to Guiana .Planted in few selected botanical gardens in
Bengal , Kamataka and Maharashtra .


Description There is a great sanctity about this tall and beautiful tree which can be seen as a prize collection in very few gardens. The peculiar flowers are borne in clusters on the main trunk of the tree measuring
10 to 12 em in size. They possess a strange hood-like structure made up of the fused stamens in the centre of the fleshy flowers over the pistil in the manner of a snake's hood over a "Shivalinga", which explains its Sanskrit name "Naaglingam" or "Shiv-lingi". The tree is deciduous and flourishes only in a moist, humid climate. The leaves of the tree are large, about 10 to 12 em long, oblong-obovate acute and entire. The flowers are fleshy, with concave petals, about 4 to 5 em long, pinkish from outside and-somewhat purplish from within in very attractive clusters. The flowers are very fragrant and are offered to Lord Shiva by the di@yout. They appear in summer. The fruit of the tree is round, hard and brownish with a somewhat disagreeable odour from the soft pulp within. They are 15 to 20 em in diameter, almost the size of a human skull which hang down on a long stalk from the main trunk of the tree. The large fruit resembles a cannon ball which gives the common English name to the tree.

 

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34. DALBERGIA LATIFOLIA

Family: Papilionaccae
English names: Bombay Blackwood. Indian Rosewood Distribution: Bihar , Orissa and peninsular India .

 

Description A large deciduous tree, leaves pinnate. Pinnae 5 t( green above, tornentose beneath. Flowers white, small axillary clusters, fragrant. Pods lanceolate 1 to 3 sec flowers resemble those of Pongamia pinnata. Propagation by sowing of its seeds.

 

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35. DALBERGIA SISSOO

Family: Papilionaccae
Hindi name: Shishum

Distribution: Sub-Himalayan tracts up to 1500 metres and plains India .

Description A medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaflets about 4 can broad-ovate, distinctly alternate. Flowers small, yo white. Pods 1 to 3 seeded, flat.

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36. DELONIX REGIA

Family: Dillenlaccae
English name: Elephant Apple
Hindi name: Chulta

Description This large tree. is distributed all through the sub-Himalayan tracts. It has a heavy, rounded crown of thick foliage and a very shapely formation. The large leathery leaves are about 20 to 30 em long with toothed margins, softly tomentose on the upper surface and on the veins on the under-surface. The large white flowers are about 15 em in diameter, solitary and very fragrant. The conspicuous looking fruit is about the size of an apple, quite hard and enveloped in the fleshy calyx. The seeds are numerous, embedded in a thick mucilaginous pulp. The wood is hard, heavy and can withstand water-logging to a fair extent.

 

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37. EMBLICA OFFICINALIS

Family: Euphorbiaccae
Synonym: Phyllanthus emblica
English name: Emblic Myrobalan
Hindi name: Arnla
Distribution: Throughout India.

Description A fairly large, handsome, deciduous tree. Leaves distichous looking like pinnate leaves. Flowers yellow, axillary. Fruit fleshy, globose, greenish, quite acidic to taste.

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38. ERYTHRINA INDICA

Family: Papilionaceae
English name: Coral Tree
HindI names: Madar, Tota
Distribution: Throughout the plains of India and the sub-Himalayan.

Description A deciduous medium-sized tree with its branche,, armed with sharp unkindly thorns. The leaves are ti the leaflets rhomboidly-ovate in shape, somewhat pi the under-surface. The flowers are typically par orange to deep red and appear on the tree throug The fruit is a pod containing hard, blackish, 4 torulose in shape, tapering at the ends.

 

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39. EUCALYPTUS CAMALDULENSIS

Family: Myrtaccae
Distribution: All over
India along roadsides, parks, etc.

Description All the eucalyptus trees are native to Augtralia. A tall graceful tree with a greyish-white bark, peeling off in large papery flakes. Leaves linear-lanceolate, faleate. Flowers in short umbels or solitary, with a number of excert stamens, white in colour, pungently fragrant.

 

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40. EUCALYPTUS@ CITRIODORA

Family: Myrtaccae
English name: Lemon-scented Gum
Distribution: All over
India .

 

Description A handsome tree with a greyish bark. Leaves linear-lanceolate, lemon-scented, about 8 to 10 em long. Flowers white about 2 to 3 em in dia with numerous excerted stamens.

 

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41. EUCALYPTUS GLOSULUS

Family: Myrtaccae
English name: Blue Gum
Distribution: All over
India .

 

Description A large tree with a smooth trunk, and an easily detachable bark. Leaves oblong-ovate, slightly faleate, unequal at the-base. Flowers white, with numerous excerted stamens. Tree grows best in marshy areas.

 

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42. EUCALYPTUS ROBUSTA

Family: Myrtaceac
English name: Swamp Mahogany
Distribution: Throughout the plains of
India .

Description A handsome, hardy tree. Bark rough, dark brown. Leaves ovate- lanceolate, shining dark green above, light greyish-grey under- neath. Flowers white. A profuse bloomer. Fruit goblet-shaped. Flowers March-April. Propagation By sowing of its seeds.

 

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112. FICUS BENG(H)ALENSIS

Family: Moraccae
English name: Banyan Tree
Hindi names: Bar, Barghad, Kalpavriksha
Distribution: Throughout India

 

Description A mighty tree with a large spreading crown, numerous aci roots, ultimately performing the function of trunks for support its heavy branches. Leaves large. alternate, leathery, ovate. Fsessile, in pairs, about 2 em in diameter, glgbose, reddish maturity.

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113. FICUS BENJAMINA
Family: Morace

English name: Weeping Fig Distribution in gardens throughout India .

Description Commonly referred to as the "Weeping Fig". One of the best Ficus for indoor planting. Leaves glossy and clustered on pendulous branches. F. benjamiria var. comosa has more pendulous branches and is excellent for making bonsais. Figs are attractive, deep yellow to orange in colour.

 

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45. FICUS ELASTICA

Family: Moraccae
Distribution: Throughout
India in parks and gardens.

Description A small evergreen tree with broad-elliptic leaves, quite thick and coriaccous. Many garden cultivars of the species like F. elasti,ca var decora have ornamented coloured leaves of reddish to dark brown and are cultivated in pots for indoor decoration. Flowers Not observed by me.

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46. FICUS GLOMERATA

Family: Moraccae
Hindi names: Gular, Umar
Distribution: Throughout India.

Description A large tree without aerial roots. Bark scaly, o Leaves ovate-oblong. Figs in clusters, sub-globo,, red at maturity. Flowers Figs appear in March-April. Propagation From seed and stem cuttings.

 

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47. FICUS RELIGIOSA

Family: Moraccae

Hindi names: Ashwatha, Pipal

 

Distribution Throughout India . Description A huge deciduous tree. Leaves alternate, coriaccous, ovate, pendulous and very shining. Figs sessile, in axillary pairs, depressed-globose, black or purple at maturity.

 

 

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48. GREVILLEA ROBUSTA

Family: Proteaccae
English name: Silver Oak
Distribution: Tree introduced. Native to Australia . Grown in parks and gardens throughout India .

Description A tall tree with a straight columnar g rowth. Tree partially deciduous. Young shoots rusty tomentose. Leaves decompound, leaflets entire, lanceolate, green above, white silky beneath, each leaf appearing fern-like. Flowers golden orange, in dwarf racemes. Fruit an oblique follicle.

 

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49. KIGELIA PINNATA

Family: Bignonlaccae

English Name: Sausage Tree

Distribution: Tree of African origin.  Grown throughout the plains on road avenues and parks.

 

Description A large spreading tree. Native to Africa . it is n established in all parts of India . It is deciduous and itnparipinnate leaves. The pinnae are of 10 x 5 em si2 or obovate in shape. They are quite scabrid to the tc flowers of brownish-red colour are suspended from the of the tree on long rope-like stalks in big clusters. They are large and heavy up to 45 em in length and diameter and hang perilously from the branches (sausages which earns it its common English na 'Sausage tree". The fruit and flowers can be seen or from March to June.

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50. MADHUCA INDICA

Family: Sapotaccae
Synonym: 13assia lattfolia
English1 name: Mowra Butter Tree
Hindi names: Mahua, Mowra

Distribution: Throughout the plains of India .

Description A medium-sized deciduous tree with a good rounded formation. The young twigs and leaves indumentose. Leaves clustered at the ends of the branches, elliptic about 8 em long. leathery. Flowers small. in dense clusters at the ends of the branches. Buds ovoid, tomentose, corolla fleshy and cream-coloured 1.5 em long, scented. Berries ovoid about 4 to 5 em long. yellow or orange when mature. Each berry encloses about 1 to 4 shinning seeds.

 

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51. MANGIFERA INDICA

Family: Anacardiaccae
English name: Mango
Hindi name: Aam
Distribution: Throughout the plains of
India .]

 

Description Mango, popularly known as the "King of Fruits", is the most ancient and popular fruits of India since times immemorial. There are thousands of cultivated and wild varieties grown in India . The tree is medium-sized'to large, with a thick corky bark. Leaves are about 1 0 to 1 5 em, oblong-ovate with crenulate margins in some varieties. Flowers are in large panicles, the male flowers usually at the apex of the panicle and the herrna- phrodite lower down. Drupe has many variable forms of colour and aroma.

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52. MELIA AZADIRACHTA

Family: Mellaccae
Synonym: Azadirachta indices
Hindi name: Neem
Distribution: Throughout the plains of India .

Description A large deciduous tree. Leaves bipinnate. Leaflets oblique, serrate, unequal at the base. Flowers white, small, in loose clusters, very fragrant. Fruit, a yellow drupe.

 

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53. MICHELIA CHAMPACA

Family: Magnoliaceae
Hindi Names: Champa, Pili Champa
Distribution: Throughout the gardens on the plains of India and Eastern Himalayas , Western Ghats .

Description A very shapely tree of medium to low height wit a fine conical formation. The leaves are large, ovate-lanceolate, entire about 12 to 15 cm long. The flowers, borne in summer are solitary, large about 5 to 6 cm in diameter, creamish-yellow and beautifully scented. Fruits appear in spikes about 6 to 10 cm long. The seeds are brown with a pinkish fleshy aril.

 

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54. PELTOPHORUM FERRUGINEUM

Family: Caesalpiniaccae
English name: Yellow Flame Tree
Distribution In parks and gardens throughout
India .

Description: A small tree of a uniform shape. The leaves are pinnati divided, the young leaves somewhat rusty tomentose. T flowers appear in upright golden yellow clusters and each flom is about 3 em in size. The petals are crinkled and lustrous. T fruit is a dark brown pod about 6 cm long.

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55. PITHECOLOBIUM SAMAN

Family: Mimosaccae
Synonym: Sarnanca saman
English name: Rain Tree
Distribution: West Bengal, Assam and Karnataka.

 

Description Introduced into India where it now finds ecological adaptation amongst the flora of West Bengal, Assam and Karnataka. This partially deciduous tree is natural to Central America and the West Indies . It reaches enormous heights in West Bengal , where large specimens can be seen along roadsides in many villages. The tree bears pinnate leaves, the leaflets are rhomboidal in shape, softly pubescent below and are larger towards the apex, gradually becoming smaller lower down. The attractive pink flowers appear in summer like powder puffs about 4 to 5 em across. They however make such a brief appearance on the tree that they can be called lovely only for a day. The fruit is a pod and stays on the branches pretty long. The seeds are embedded in a somewhat sticky pulp within the fruit. The puffy flowers composed mostly of the excerted stamens attracts bees and insects. They secrete honey-dew which drips from the the trees like tiny rain-drops which gives the tree its common English name. The insects also feed on its foliage.

 

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56. PROSOPIS JULIFLORA

Family: Mimosaccae
English name: Mesquit
Hindi name: Kabuli Kikar
Distribution: Throughout the and zones of northern,
India .

 

Description A medium-sized tree. Branches spinous. Leaves small aboi em x 0.5 em, oblique-oblong. Flowers in spikes, greenisl yellowish, pendulous. Tree introduced, although originally Mexico .

 

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57. RAVENELA MA[YAGASCARIENSIS

Family: Musaccae
English name: Travellers' Palm
Distribution: In southern parts of
India .

Description A gorgeous looking, large, palm-like plant, which belongs appropriately to the banana family and not the palms. Its large leaves gathered in two ranks form a fan-shaped cluster at the top of the plant giving it the general appearance of a large, dancing peacock. The relatively large leaf-stalks contain a clear watery sap that provides a refreshing drink, once used by travellers in tropical Madagascar , the land to which it belongs. It is now naturalized in India and it is common to see it growing in many parts of South India , specially Kerala and its neighbouring-states. The decorative leaves are almost 20 feet long. The flowers are white, enclosed in boat-shaped sheaths about 8 inches wide. It is scientifically called "Ravencla Madagaseariensis" but, beyond doubt, it looks a lot more charming than its jaw-breaking Latin name.

 

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58. SANTALUM ALBUM

Family: Santalaccae
English name: Sandal Wood Tree
Hindi name: Chandan
Distribution: Peninsular India, specially
Mysore in Karnataka.

 

Description A small-sized evergreen tree, partially parasitic in its earlier stage of growth. Leaves ovate or elliptic-lanceolate about 3 em in length. Flowers small. brownish, in panicles. Drupe globose. about 0.5 em in diameter, purplish to black when ripe. Seeds hard and rough.

 

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59. SARACA INDICA

Family: Caesalpiniaccae
Hindi name: Sita Ashok

Distribution: Cultivated in gardens throughout the plains of India .

Description A medium-sized evergreen tree with a nice rounded formation. Leaflets oblong or oblong-lanceolate. Flowers orange, fragrant, in large corymbose clusters. Petals absent. The flowers are usually concealed within the flesh-pink young leaves. Calyx petaloid, orange, tubular.


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60. SPATHODEA CAMPANULATA

Family: Bignoniaccae

English name: African Tulip Tree

Distribution In parks throughout the plains of
India . Tree nativg to Africa . Description Native to tropical Africa and now well established and grown throughout the plains of India , this beautifully'fiowering tree is a delight to watch when in bloom. The large deep-scarlet trumpet-shaped flowers are gamopetalous and zygomorphic. The leaves are imparipinnate, the leaflets glabrous, smooth- edged, about 8-10 em long and elliptic. It flowers beautifully from April to July. The tree is deciduous.

 

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61. SWIETENIA MAHAGONI

Family: Meliaccae
English name: Mahogany Tree
Distribution: In cultivation throughout
India .

Description It is one of the premier wood trees of the world. Now naturalized in India , it derives its origin from tropical America and the West Indies . It is named in memory of Sweiden, a Dutch botanist. A medium-sized tree, it has paripinnate leaves; each pinnae measuring about 5 to 6 em lengthwise, smooth-edged and unequal at the base. The trunk is dark greyish in colour, often with warty excrescences in old specimens. The mildly scented flowers lack appeal for they are small in size, greenish-white in colour and scarcely worth noticing.

 

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62. SYZYGIUM CUMINI

Family: Myrtaccae
Synonym: Eugeniajambolana
English name: Black
Plum
Hindi names: Jamun, Jambul Distribution throughout
India

Description A large evergreen tree. Bark light grey. Leaves dark green, shining, opposite, elliptic. Flowers greenish-white. Fruit oblong or roundish berries. black to deep purple, one-seeded,. acidic and pleasant to taste.

 

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63. TABEBUIA ROSEA

Family: Bignoniaccae
English name: Rosy Trumpet Tree

Distribution: In only a few well-known gardens. Tree exotic to India .

Description A small deciduous tree, with a smooth somewhat ash-brown bark. Leaves palmatisect, 5-lobed. Leaflets about 5 to 6 em long ovate-oblong, entire. Flowers purplish to pink, funnel-shaped in profuse terminal clusters. The tree is entirely leafiess when in flower and is beyond doubt one of the most attractive flowering trees of the world.

 

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64. TAMARINDUS INDICA

Family: Caesalpiniaccae
English name: Tamarind Tree
Hindi name: Irnli
Distribution: Throughout the plains of
India

Description A large, semi-deciduous tree. Bark cracking vertically. Leaves unevenly pinnate. Leaflets small, oblong. sour to taste. Flowers in lax racemes, petals yellow with red marks. Pods thick, inflated, pulpy, irregularly curved. Seeds large, stony, about 1.5 cm in length.

 

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65. TECTONA GRANDIS

Family: Verbenaccae
English name: Teak Tree
Hindi name: Sagwan
Distribution: Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Description A large deciduous tree. Branchlets angular. Leaves large, about 30 em x 12 em, elliptic, rough. tomentose below. Flowers white in large eymose clusters. Fruit sub-globose, about lem in dia, enclosed inside the bladder-like calyx.

 

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66. TERMINALIA ARJUNA

Family: Combretaccae
Hindi names: Arjun, Anjana

Distribution: Throughout the plains of India , specially in Dehradun and Saharanpur forests.

Description A large deciduous tree with a smooth, whitish, bark. Trunk buttressed at the base. Leaves oblong-elliptic, coriaccous, about 10 em long. Flowers in spaces, light yellowish in.colour, in clusters. Petals absent. Fi@t woody, oblong, with 5 striated wings.

 

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67. TERMINALIA BELLERICA

Family: Combretaccae
English name: Beleric Myrobalan

Hindi name: Bahera
Distribution: Throughout the plains of
India , planted as a roadside avenue tree. Also in Dun and Saharanpur forests.

Description A large-sized deciduous tree. Bark with vertical cracks. Leaves broad-elliptic 10 to 23 em long, downy at early stages. Flowers in spikes, greenish-yellow with an unpleasant smell. Petals absent. Fruit ovoid, about 3 em long, with a pubescent cover containing a stony seed.

 

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68. TERMINALIA CATAPPA

Family: Combretaccae
Hindi names: Jungli Badaam, Hindi Badaam
Distribution: The Andamans and peninsular
India

Description Medium-sized deciduous tree with horizontally spreading branches forming a wide spreading canopy. Leaves gathered at the ends of the branches. obovate, large, about 20 to 25 em in size with a pubescent leafstalk and niidrib. Flowers white In solitary spikes, the upper flowers on the spikes being male and bisexual on the lower portion of the spike. The petals, like in most other Terminalias, are absent. The fruit is an ellipsoidal drupe about 4 em long., the greenish outer covering is some- what velvety containing a single fleshy stone which is edible and tastes like water-soaked almonds.

 

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69. TERMINALIA CHEBULA

Family: Combretaccae
English name: Chebulic Myrobalan
Hindi names: Harra, Hirda

 

Distribution Plains of India , somewhat sparsely. Description A medium-sized deciduous tree. Bark with vertical cracks. Leaves thick and leathery about 12 to 15 cm long, elliptic or ovate. Young leaves downy. Flowers bisexual, whitish or greenish- yellow in clustered spikes, disagreeable in smell. Fruit a drupe, ellipsoidal, about 5 ern long, five-ribbed. Stone hard.

 

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70. THESPESIA POPULNEA

Family: Malvaccae
English name: Portia Tree
Hindi names: Parash, Parash Pipal
Distribution: Coastal regions of
India and as a common garden tree

 

Description A small evergreen tree with a rough bark. Leaves cordate, often with glands at the top end of the leaf-stalk about 15 to 18 em long. Flowers- solitary or in pairs, yellow in colour with a -p,.U, rplish centre. Fruit capsular, globose, depressed, about 5 em in size. Calyx adheres to the fruit at maturity.

 

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71. WRIGHTIA TINCTORIA

Family: Apoeynaccae
Distribution: Rajasthan and peninsular
India .

 

Description A small deciduous tree with a greyish-white bark. Leaves elliptic- oblong to obovate, coriaccous, about 10 em long. Flowers white, scented in lax dichotomous eymes. Follicles pendulous, jointed at base.

 

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72. ZIZYPHUS JUJUBA

Family: Rhamnaccae
Synonym: Zizyphus mauritiana
English name: The Chinese Date
Hindi name: Ber
Distribution: Found gregariously at the foot of the Shivaliks and in Saharanpur forests. Several varieties are in cultivation in various nurseries and fruit orchards.

Description A small evergreen tree with dense foliage. Bark dull-grey. Leaves variable, sub-orbicular, elliptic or ovate about 4 em to 5 ern in size, dark green above and @ vhitish grey beneath, tomentose on the under-surface. Prickles solitary or paired. Fruit an oblong-globose or roundish drupe of green, yellow or red colour according to the variety.