The Department of Forest and wild life functions as a separate organization with the Conservator of Forests as the Head of Department and Chief Wildlife Warden who is assisted by one Deputy Director of Agriculture and two Agricultural Officers drawn from the Directorate of Agriculture.
The Forest Department is initiating and implementing various schemes for the conservation of natural resources. Pondicherry being a small area need to be protected with utmost care and concern to conserve the valuable natural resources and created assets marine faunal element like Dolphin, Puducherry shark, Dugong, corals and many other endangered faunal elements etc as the seashore is continuous with the Tamil Nadu coast.
Area & Popualtion
Identification Of Forest Area
An expert committee was constituted as per the direction of Hon'ble Supreme Court for identification of Forest area in the Union Territory of Puducherry. The Committee identified 669.36 ha of forests which includes 52.14 ha on Govt. Forest lands, 617.22 on lands other than GovernmentForest lands.
Union Territory of Puducherry does not have forest resources in abundance, in fact there are no recorded forests in the Union Territory . Therefore the activities of the department consist of afforestation by means of plantations in urban and rural areas, extension of technology and know how to farmers and other persons engaged in agro forestry practices and creating awareness about conservation of natural resources.
|Government Forest Lands
|Forest on other Govt. lands
|Forest on non Govt.lands
The department is also responsible for implementing the provisions of Forest and Wildlife laws in Puducherry . It includes preventive and punitive action against poaching of wild animals, illicit trade in wild animals and articles derived from wild animals and unlawful trade in forest produce removed from forests of neighboring states.
For the purpose of achieving its objectives the Department is implementing various schemes namely “Social Forestry”, “Forestry Extension and Implementation of Improved Technologies” and “Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Development of Forests and Wildlife in the UnionTerritory , Coastal Shelter Belt and Sand Dune Stabilisation”. The first scheme aims at afforestation both by means of departmental plantations over available wastelands and by distribution of seedlings. The second scheme aims at increasing yields of agro forestry crops by providing improved inputs and know how to farmers. The last scheme provides for law enforcement activities.
The Forest Department is extending service in the following fields and by this charter the Department seeks to provide frame work and information which enables the public to know about the department.
Goods and Services rendered by Forest Department
i) Provide good seedlings to Schools, Public and Farmers.
ii) Advise on species of choice and site specific.
iii) Advise to saw mills , furniture industries etc.
iv) Tourism Corporations, Industries, Factories on creation of green belt.
v) Farmers on economically viable and valuable tree species.
vi) Economics and Marketing of medicinal plant species.
vii) Rescuing the injured stranded animals, birds and rehabilitate them.
viii) Capturing snakes from house posing danger.
Institutional Linkages and Collaborations
i) French Institute
ii) Puducherry University and Colleges.
iii) Veterinary College , NGOs, Farmers and other user agencies.
v) WWF, Chennai.
vi) CAS Marine Biology – Parangipettai
vii) M.S. Swaminathan Foundation
viii) IFGTB - Coimbatore
Forest Department Nursery
The Department nursery is functioning in the Industrial Estate campus at Mettupalayam and in Ashok Nagar at Lawspet. Every year the Forest Department is producing around 2 lakhs tree seedlings for undertaking afforestation programme. Action is being taken to convert this nursery as modern nursery.
Distribution Of Tree Seedlings
The tree seedlings are distributed free of cost to school Govt. institutions and public. The beneficiaries can approach the Agricultural Officers for their requirement of tree seedlings.
Vadhanur Tank Site Plantation
In the offshore area of Vadhanour Tank Tree Plantation were created in an area of 18 hect. so far. During this year the plantation will be created in another 10 hect. The major tree seedlings planted are Babul, subabul, Kodukapuli, Neem, Teak. The plantation thus created will be maintained and handed over to Eri SangamVadhanur. The soil conservation work will be undertaken.
Plantation At Manapet
In the Coastal area Manapet of Govt. land was acquired and plantation was created to an extent of 30 ha. The fruit seedlings such as Cashew, Mango, Sapota, Amala , Guava and miscellaneous tree seedlings, such as rain tree, golden shower, Neem Teak, Tamarind, Naval were planted.
Katterikuppam Tank Site Plantation
In the offshore area of Katterikuppam Tank the tree plantation were undertaken in an area of 12 hect. The tree seedlings such as Teak, Babul, Subabul, Kodukapuli, Neem were planted. Now it is 5 years old plantation.
Joint Forest Management In Puducherry Region
The objective of Joint Forest Management is to involve local people in taking up afforestation projects on Government waste lands, community lands, temple lands and any other lands owned by Government like canals tanks, etc and to share with them the sustainable benefits from the forests so created. The scheme targets to obtain:-
1. Increased tree cover in the Union Territory of Puducherry.
2. enhanced quality of environment in general and improved local micro agro-climatic conditions in particular.
3. massive people’s movement with involvement of women and, employment opportunities especially for landless poor etc. This arrangement, which will be known as “Joint Forest Management” (JFM), will be ensured through Village Forest Councils (VFC).
Odiampet, Thirukanji and Kizhoor villages were identified for the implementation of Joint Forest Management. Shortly village Forest Council will be constituted and registered under society act. The microplan for the project will be prepared and the tree plantation will be created through Village Forest Council.
The Vanamahotsava was celebrated every year during the month of October. During the occasion Honourable Agriculture Minister participated and distributed the seedlings. In the Govt. Higher Secondary Schools the tree plantation programme was celebrated and the tree seedlings were planted. The tree seedlings were also distributed to the students of school and they were motivated for the development of Green Belt.
Wildlife Week Celebration
Wild life week is celebrated in the first week from 2nd October the birth day of Mahatma Gandhi for one week. The objective is to inculcate wild life preservation and conservation ethics and make them to understand the value of the wild life a National Heritage. To involve the students community in the wild life conservation and create awareness on conservation of wild life among the students various programmes are conducted viz Wild life essay competition, painting, elocution, Quiz, street march with placards, etc.
Conduct Of Training Programme To Farmers
In Puducherry region 3 days training programmes on Farm Forestry, Medicinal plants and Agro-Forestry were conducted involving 30 farmers in each batch. The training programmes were conducted in the Kishi Vigyan Training Center at Puducherry .
Swadeshi Cotton Mills Forest
The forest exists on private industrial land over the total extent of 12-43-85 (H.A.C) The vegetation counts of thick multilayered forest vegetation. The vegetation predominantly of spontaneous growth, is distinguished by the extensive presence of undergrowth, climbers, lianas and creepers in addition to trees. As may as 184 species of flora have been reported in the area.
Ariyankuppam And Thengaithittu Mangroves
The mangroves are situated in the backwaters in Ariyankuppam river in the revenue villages of Ariyankuppam, Murungapakkam and Thengaithittu vegetation is dominted by Avicennia species andsuaeda species. The growth of mangrove species is in the form of small thickets scattered over the Ariyankuppam back water from Thengaithettu to Veerampattinam.
Mangroves In Yanam Region
In Yanam region the mangrove swamps are found in Island No.1, 2, 3, 4 to an extent of 449 hect. Action is being taken to declare these forest area as protected area.
The Wildlife Animals And Birds Rescued
The Wildlife animals and birds such as Peacock, Python, Parakeets, Flamingo, rescued by the Forest Department were handed over to the rescue center at Rajive Gandhi Veterinary College .
As per the present land use only 25,000 ha is utilized that is 50% of the area is not fully utilized. The Govt. of India target to increase the green cover by 33% or 100Km2 by year 2014 . there is scope for raising tree crops as a buffer to meet the fuel, fodder, small timber for industries, saw mills. 1000ha area is under tree crops like Casuarina is felled and replanted once in 3 years for which Genetically improved seeds/ quality seedlings are required.
An area of about 8000 ha under wasteland or fallow has been identified, this need to be treated by planting various suitable tree species.
Road side and avenue plantation
The road network in our state is 434 Kms( highways 156 Km, rural roads 276 Km), the entire road side may be brought under plantation to increase the green cover and aesthetic view.
Plantation has to be taken up in the streets and lanes in the urban areas and rural areas.
Creation of green belts
The Union Urban Ministry’s housing policy 1998 stressed the need for creation of green belts and Parks and Gardens wherever possible to increase green cover by Forest Department.
Tank bunds, lakes etc
There are 3 major lakes Ousudu, Bahour and Kokkadu and no. of smaller tanks are available. Plantation is to be taken up.
670 ha. of land area has been identified as Forest . These area is to be planted with more seedlings and ensure protection.
Sacred groves found in the temple area is to be protected.
Saw Mills and Wood works
About 56 Saw mills and 300 Wood based industries are available. Licences issued for, Registration of property mark, Renewal, every year inspecting timber special permit is issued on nominal change.
Medicinal Plants Cultivation
With the local Health Department and Govt. of India, 32 species of medicinal plants to be popularized among farmers for cultivation which fetch high income.
National Forest Policy implementation
By 2014, 33% area to be under vegetation cover. Roughly 100 sq. Kms. So farm lands, wastelands, tank bunds etc, has to be planted with tree species.
Creation of Garden and Parks
Gardens and Parks are created and maintained as per the request of the Public, Government Agencies etc. A park has been developed atLawspet and named Shri. Rajiv Gandhi Children’s Park and one is under creation at Police complex.
Programmes Undertaken And On Anvil To Educate About Wildlife
Protection of Wildlife and Marine animals
Protection of rare and andangeroured species like Dolphin, Puducherry shark, Dugong and other Corals and other marine animals are need to be protected as the coastal line is continuous stretch.
Setting up of Deer Park
It is proposed to have a Animal Rescued Centre cum Deer Park to attract tourists and for research and education.
Turtle Conservation and setting up of Rookeries
Five species of Turtles are found in the coastal water and Olive redley found to be nesting in Puducherry coastal area. This need to be protected.
Rescue of animals and birds
Whenever the department receives injured and rescued animals it is sent to Rajiv Gandhi College of Veterinary Sciences for treatment. The venomous and dangerous snakes like Cobra, Viper also rescued without killing them and left in safe case. The migratory birds like Flamingo and Black bitten are rescued.
Watch and Ward of various water bodies
The Ousudu, Bahour, Korkkadu, Kanagan lakes and other backwater areas harbouring many birds which are protected from the poachers and hunters and the tourists were educated about them.
Studies on Migratory Birds and Corridors
Studies on migratory birds and Corridors in collaboration with Puducherry University Salim Ali School of Ecology is initiated.
Eco-Clubs and National Green Corps
Creating awareness among the school students on Flora and fauna towards preservation and protection.
Salim Ali Bird Watchers Club
There are many bird species seen around us but name and importance are not known. With the help of WWF – India the public, tourists, school and college students are exposed on various bird species.
Licence issued for breeding of Japanese quails in private hatcheries and the stock position is ascertained. The licence issued to eating places are monitoring periodically. Serving of prohibited wild animals meat in hotels and restaurants are checked.
Survey of Corals
The Department with the help of Zoological Survey of India, Chennai undertaking survey of corals and coral reef in coastal waters of Puducherry which was not been initiated earlier.
Reward For Informers Of Forest Offence
The Puducherry Forest Department has announced rewards to the environment conscious citizens and informers for furnishing information leading to the detection of forest offence and successful penal action against the offenders.
The violators are liable for imprisonment upto 6 months and a fine besides seizing and confiscating the forest produce and vehicle used for such crimes.
Forest offences include illegal sale of timber, forest produce and moving of timber without any valid permit. However moving of sandalwood not weighing more than 5 kg. and teak not occupying 20,000 cubic mt. is permitted.
Any person giving information about forest offences and assistance in the seizure and confiscation of goods will be rewarded to an extent of Rs.25,000 or 15% of the value of seized forest produce or compounding fees collected.
The infrastructure facilities will be created to strengthen the administrative and technical machinery at the Directorate for the execution of various programmes.
The Union Territory of Puducherry has a forest area of 669.36 ha. of forests out of which 52.14 ha. is Government forest lands, 534.64 ha. is forest on other Government lands and 82.58 ha. is forest on non-government lands.
The main objective before the Department are conservation of the Government forest as well as regulating felling of trees in private area in view of enactment of Puducherry Urban Forests and Tree Preservation Bill.. Besides the department takes up plantation/regeneration works in available blank areas and degraded forest so as to make these forests well stocked with economically important indigenous species. It also train the farmers on Agro-forestry, Medicinal plant cultivation to boost the economy.
The department also facilitates the public to plant areas available with them. Large stock of seedlings are raised every year by the department for supply to the individuals, companies, schools, panchayats, etc.
Protection of wildlife is another important aspect through the provisions of Wildlife(Protection) Act, 1972. Although bigger animals like Tigers, Lions, Elephants etc. are not available, small animals like mongoose, civets, monkeys, monitor lizards, corals, dolphins, turtles, migratory birds are need to be protected.
The department endeavors to serve the public in many fields as brought out in the Citizens charter which will be of immense help to them in general.