Koel is one of the important bird species still found in and around Puducherry commonly despite most of the vegetation around the habitation is denuded and the birds are being hunted for meat. The population is in danger. The National Poet Subramania Bharathi has written a poem on Koel in a Koel Grove in Puducherry which is no more in existence. The male koel makes melodious calls during breeding season which is appealing and often ladies voice is compared to koel's call. The koel is a temporary parasite on crow for laying eggs in the nest of the crow as it does not build its own. Much about this bird is mentioned in the puranas and literature. Its population is dwindling and needs to be conserved. The male koel is more prone to poaching and hence conservation of the species is very essential. The koel is scientifically known as Eudynamys scolopacea. As per the Wildlife (Protection) Act,1972 koel has been placed under Part – I of Schedule II and it is considered as endangered. Hence it is declared as State Bird of Puducherry.
This tree is scientifically known as Couroupita guianensis. This tree is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The flower is very beautiful and also heavenly scented - a cross between a fine expensive perfume and a wonderful flower scent. The flowers are formed off unusual thick woody extensions that grow from the main brown scaly trunk bark of the tree. The flower is used for pooja and has got economic value. The nagalingam trees are very few in numbers and its conservation is very essential. Hence the flower is declared as the State Flower of Puducherry
This tree is botanically known as Aegle marmelos, the vilvam is especially used for worshipping Lord Siva. Like the god, like the tree. The tree looks anstere and stern. Not large in size, the vilvam has trifoliate leaves: the three leaflets, Siva’s devotees aver that they represent the three eyes of Lord Siva. Popularly called Bell Tree, you will find it mentioned in Atharvana veda. Obviously, the tree is a native of India. Its fruit is useful in digestive ailments. A sherbat made from bell fruit is a good appetizer. This tree is also not common due to degradation of forest. Hence care senrtra of the tree is very essential. This tree is the sthala viruksha of Shiva Temple.. Hence the tree is declared as the State tree of Puducherry
The Puducherry Union Territory has no large and charismatic wild animals but small animals like squirrels,mongoose, varanus, civet cat, jackal and many snakes are found. Among these animals Squirrel is exploited the most for its body hair, fur for trophies, meat and other purposes. It has been widely quoted in the ancient Puranas and literature that mongoose were known for dispersal of fruit and seeds and also it is found near the residential areas and it was domesticated by the people and reared as pet in the houses. It also builds nest in the houses that is why it is called as Anil Pillai It has been mentioned in the Ramayana that when Rama was waging war against Ravana he was to cross the strait between Tanushkodi and Srilanka to take his army the vanara corps (Monkeys) were busy in building bridge between Tahnushkodi and Srilanka and Rama was supervising the work and it was believed that the squirrel brought tender coconuts and offered to Rama and his attendants. As a gesture Rama was caress fondly his hand over the body and it got the three stripes on his body. The Squirrel is normally found in the palm trees hence it got the scientific name Funambulus palmarum. Once the Squirrel was found in abundance, but now it has become rarer and rarer in due course of time and it is hardly seen. As per the Wildlife (Protection) Act,1972 squirrel has been placed under schedule IV and it is considered as endangered. Hence it is declared as the State Animal of Puducherry.